DUBAI, UAE – (ARAB NEWSWIRE) — Investing, the act of purchasing assets expected to rise in value over time, is a proven method of building and protecting wealth. For that reason, there is a growing interest in investing among beginners in the UAE. While investing can be daunting at first, it can be overcome by learning basic investment concepts. With a solid understanding of investing basics, novice investors can establish a comprehensive starting point in their investment journeys.
Here are some investing basics that beginners need to master before starting on an investment journey:
Risk and Return
Risk and return is one of the key principles that investors consider before committing to an investment. Risk refers to the possibility of generating losses relative to the expected return on a specific investment, while return on investment, or ROI, refers to the net profit relative to the total investment cost. The relationship between risk and return is fairly straightforward: a higher-risk investment option is typically expected to generate higher profit than a lower-risk investment option, and vice versa.
Diversification entails including investments across distinct asset classes, industries, and geographic regions in a portfolio to reduce the overall investment risk. The rationale behind diversification is that by creating a mix of investments with varying risk levels, the unsatisfactory performance of one investment can potentially be counteracted by the more robust performance of another investment, resulting in more consistent overall returns. While there is no guarantee that diversification prevents portfolio losses, it is a time-tested strategy that allows investors to achieve long-term financial goals.
The Power of Compound Interest
The power of compound interest is one of the core principles behind building wealth through investing. Compound interest refers to the interest earned on both the principal and returns generated. Over time, the investment returns grow exponentially, demonstrating the power of compounding. For this reason, investors often choose to reinvest their returns instead of withdrawing them.
Next, here are some investing options for beginners:
Mutual funds are financial vehicles that pool capital from several investors to purchase a portfolio of assets, including stocks, bonds, and commodities.
Bonds are fixed-income securities issued by governments and corporations to raise funds for projects and expenditures.
Structured notes are investment instruments that generate returns based on the performance of an underlying asset class, such as stocks, bonds, market indices, currencies, and commodities.
Stocks are issued by publicly traded corporations to raise funds for their business operations. By owning a company’s stock, stockholders have a share of ownership and may have a claim to part of the company’s earnings and assets.
Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs)
Exchange-traded funds (ETFs) are a basket of securities comprising multiple underlying assets, including stocks, bonds, and commodities. ETFs typically track the performance of a specific index, such as the S&P 500 Index.
Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) are companies that own, manage, and finance income-generating properties. REITs provide investors with a steady stream of dividend income and may be suitable for those seeking highly liquid real estate investment options.
Anyone can begin their investment journey with a comprehensive understanding of investing basics. Beginners are encouraged to read up extensively on investing to enhance their knowledge and confidence in the topic. Another key investment tip for beginners is to seek the guidance of a professional financial advisor to ensure that their portfolio is aligned with their long-term financial objectives.
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